Immigration Exam

Immigration Exam
When immigrating to the United States, the U.S. Public Health Service has certain medical clearances necessary for a green card. Both Dr. Mirela Mircea and Dr. Vivian Lugo-Eschenwald of Family Medicine Associates of Alexandria in Alexandria, Virginia are designated as civil surgeons by the US Citizenship and Immigration Service, necessary for performing the green card health exam. Call FMAA today to schedule an appointment.

Immigration Exam Q & A

Family Medicine Associates of Alexandria

What medical testing is needed to get a green card?

To qualify for lawful permanent residence in the United States, a person must show they’re not a threat to public health. Not every doctor can perform the medical testing needed by immigration officials. There are required steps for this exam. A doctor must be certified as a civil surgeon by immigration officials. Civil surgeons receive special training and get regular updates so that they're on top of any current issues that may affect people qualifying for green cards. FMAA specializes in providing this service to the diverse population in the Alexandria, Virginia area.

During the green card physical, what does the civil surgeon check?

You’ll be talked through your medical history, including your vaccination record. A physical examination, including a blood test and chest X-ray, is done to check your health status. Children under age 15 generally don’t have to take a blood test or have an X-ray. Pregnant women may request a delay in the X-ray.

The physical exam assesses your health by checking:

  • Eyes, ears, nose, and throat
  • Arms and legs
  • Heart and lungs
  • Abdomen
  • Lymph nodes
  • External genitalia
  • Skin

After reviewing your immunization record, you may receive further vaccinations to fill gaps. These could include vaccines for flu, hepatitis, measles, whooping cough, mumps, polio, tetanus, and rubella, among others.

What conditions may jeopardize a green card?

The immigration medical isn’t a comprehensive medical exam. The civil surgeon only looks for evidence of certain disorders designated under the Immigration and Nationality Act. This includes certain communicable diseases, such as tuberculosis, infectious leprosy, and some venereal diseases. Physical or mental disorders that pose a threat to the individual or public may also be a reason for denial of entry. Signs of drug abuse or addiction may make an applicant inadmissible to the United States on medical grounds.

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