Diabetes

Diabetes
Diabetes, while manageable, remains a serious disease with the potential for many complications. Choosing Dr. Mirela Mircea and Dr. Vivian Lugo-Eschenwald of Family Medicine Associates of Alexandria in Alexandria, Virginia as your partners in diagnosis, treatment, and ongoing diabetes care is a wise choice to ensure your future health.

Diabetes Q & A

Family Medicine Associates of Alexandria

What's diabetes?

Diabetes is a collection of diseases affecting how the body accesses sugar. In the form of glucose, sugar fuels the brain and body tissues. Regardless of the type of diabetes, the patient has too much glucose in the blood, and this can lead to serious health issues. Type 1 and type 2 diabetes are chronic and ongoing. Prediabetes and gestational diabetes may be temporary and reversible.

What role does insulin play?

No matter which type of diabetes, problems originate with insulin – or the lack of it. In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas creates little or no insulin while in type 2, the body becomes resistant to insulin. Insulin is necessary for normal body functions since it’s the key that opens cells up and lets glucose in. The type 1 diabetes patient has no natural insulin, and therefore requires external sources. The type 2 diabetes patient's cells resist the effects of insulin. The amount the pancreas makes is no longer sufficient, and either more insulin or some other medication treatment becomes necessary.

Does diabetes have symptoms?

There are symptoms associated with both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. In the case of type 2 patients, symptoms may be incomplete or may not exist at all. With type 1, the symptoms often start suddenly and with greater severity. Symptoms common to both type 1 and 2 diabetes include:

  • Increased thirst and frequent urination
  • Weight loss with no apparent reason, even when food intake is high
  • Extreme hunger
  • Fatigue and irritable moods
  • Tingling, numbness or aches in the lower legs and feet
  • Blurred or changing vision
  • Cuts and bruises that take longer to heal

Improving certain lifestyle choices has a major effect on stabilizing and reducing the effects of diabetes and high blood sugar. Dr. Lugo and Dr. Mircea can help you plan the balance of medication, diet, and exercise to help you deal with diabetes.

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